Communique of 2nd ECOWAS summit on Niger Republic
Second extraordinary summit of the ECOWAS authority of heads of state and government on the political situation in Niger
The Authority of Heads of State and Governments of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) convened an Extraordinary Session in Abuja, Nigeria on 10th August 2023, under the chairmanship of H.E. Bola Ahmed Tinubu, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Chair of the ECOWAS Authority.
The Extraordinary Summit was convened as a sequel to the recent one held on 30th July 2023, following the illegal detention of President Mohamed Bazoum by members of the Presidential Guard in the Republic of Niger on 26th July 2023.
The Authority having considered the memorandum presented by the President of the ECOWAS commission on the current situation in the Republic of Niger, as well as ECOWAS engagement since the last extraordinary summit; and having considered the reports of the envoys of the chair, to Niger and various other places;
Carefully considered the report and recommendations of the ECOWAS committee of chiefs of defense staff and extensively discussed the latest development in Niger since the last extra ordinary Summit held on 30th July 2023.
Noted that all diplomatic efforts made by ECOWAS, in resolving the crisis have been defiantly repelled by the military leadership of the Republic of Niger; taking note of the expiration of the one week ultimatum given for the restoration of constitutional order in the Republic of Niger decide as follows:
A. Reiterates its strong condemnation of the attempted coup d’etat and the continued illegal detention of President Mohammed Bazoum, his family and members of his government
B. Further condemns the condition in which President Bazoum is being detained and hold the CNSP fully and solely responsible for the safety, security and physical integrity of President Bazoum, members of his family and government.
C. Uphold all measures and principles agreed upon by the extra ordinary Summit held on Niger on 30th July 2023.
D. Underscore the determination of the ECOWAS authority to keep all options on the table for the peaceful resolution of the crisis.
E. Enforce all measures in particular border closures and strict travel bans and assets freeze on all persons or groups of individuals whose actions hinder all peaceful efforts aimed at ensuring the smooth and complete restoration of constitutional order.
F. Warn member states who by their action directly or indirectly, hindered the peaceful resolution of the crisis in Niger about the consequences for their action before the community.
G. Call on the African Union to endorse all the decisions taken by the ECOWAS authority on the situation in Niger.
H. Further, call on all partner countries and institutions including the United Nations to support ECOWAS, in its effort to ensure a quick restoration of constitutional order, in conformity with its normative instruments.
I. Direct the President of the Commission to monitor the implementation of the sanctions.
J. Direct the Committee of the chief of defense staff to activate the ECOWAS standby force with all its elements immediately.
K. Order the deployment of the ECOWAS standby force to restore constitutional order in the Republic of Niger.
I. Underscore its continued commitment for the restoration of constitutional order through peaceful means.
Present at the Summit were the under-listed ECOWAS Heads of State and Government or their duly mandated representatives:
• H.E. Patrice TALON, President of the Republic of Benin.
• H.E. Alassane OUATTARA, President of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire.
• H.E. Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO, President of the Republic of Ghana.
• H.E. Umaro Sissoco EMBALO, President of the Republic of Guinea Bissau.
• H.E. Bola Ahmed TINUBU, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
• H.E. Macky SALL, President of the Republic of Senegal.
• H.E. Julius Maada BIO, President of the Republic of Sierra Leone.
• H.E. Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBE, President of the Togolese Republic.
• H.E. Mamadou TANGARA, Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Gambian Abroad;
• H.E Amb. Dee-Maxwell SAAH KEMAYAH Snr., Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Liberia
• H.E. Hassoumi Massaoudou, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Niger representing President Mohamed Bazoum
• H.E. Belarmino M. SILVA, Ambassador of Cabo Verde to the Federal Republic of Nigeria and ECOWAS, the Republic of Cabo Verde.
The Summit was also attended by:
● H.E. Evariste Ndayishimiye, President of the Republic of Burundi.
● H.E. Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, President of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
● H.E. Dr Omar Alieu TOURAY, President of the ECOWAS Commission.
● H.E. Leonardo Santos SIMÃO, Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel and Head of UNOWAS.
● H.E. Amb. Adeoye BANKOLE, Commissioner for Peace and Security representing the Chairperson of the African Union Commission